Threat intelligence

  • Major web hosting providers become victims of ransomware

    Monday, November 25, 2019 12:54:00 PM CEST

    - Outsourcing IT services such as web hosting, managed service providers and cloud service providers could increase the exposure of organisations to ransomware attacks.
    - In 2019, over 10 web provider companies have already been victims of targeted ransomware incidents.
    - Since the largest known paid ransom was from a web-hosting provider, cybercriminals will likely increase their efforts.

  • The Silence group

    Monday, November 25, 2019 12:53:00 PM CEST

    - Russian origin cyber-criminal group Silence is attacking banks and financial institutions.
    - Starting in 2016, the group has improved its tools and escalated its activities to attack worldwide.
    - Its capabilities make it a potentially serious threat currently and in the future.

  • Coordinated ransomware campaign in Spain

    Monday, November 25, 2019 12:52:00 PM CEST

    - Ransomware is targeting municipalities in Europe.
    - Multiple entities in Spain have seen significant outages because of the threat.
    - These attacks can be seen as a continuation of the Big Game Hunting tactics observed elsewhere in the world.

  • APT groups are exploiting vulnerabilities in various VPN products

    Monday, November 25, 2019 12:51:00 PM CEST

    - APT groups are reportedly exploiting vulnerabilities in several unpatched VPN products used worldwide.
    - US and UK agencies advise consumers to update VPN products from certain producers.
    - Affected VPN products were from Fortinet, Palo Alto Networks and Pulse Secure.
    - Certain bugs were detailed at Black Hat USA in August, before detecting attacks on Fortinet and Pulse Secure.

  • Iran’s APT35 targeting individuals tied to US 2020 elections

    Monday, November 25, 2019 12:50:00 PM CEST

    - An Iranian state-sponsored threat actor reportedly targeted accounts associated with the US presidential campaign.
    - The group has also reportedly targeted academic researchers focusing on Iran in France, the US and the Middle-East.
    - Attempts by state-sponsored threat actors from various countries to compromise business or personal cloud-based email or social media accounts remain a significant threat.
    - Even if not technically sophisticated, social engineering enabled attempts to compromise cloud based email or social network accounts remain an efficient method for motivated attackers.

  • Magecart cybercriminals leveraging public WiFi vulnerabilities

    Monday, November 25, 2019 12:45:00 PM CEST

    - Cyber-criminal groups dubbed Magecart are exploiting vulnerable e-commerce websites to steal user payment data.
    - One Magecart group has tested methods to compromise user devices browsing the internet via public WiFi hotspots.
    - The same group is also attempting to compromise code used by mobile app developers and affect a large user base.

  • Business email compromise on the rise

    Wednesday, October 2, 2019 1:44:00 PM CEST

    - In 2018, Business Email Compromise (BEC) has overtaken ransomware as the main reason behind cyber claims.
    - Between June 2016 and July 2019, BEC reportedly accounted for $26,2 billion USD in financial losses worldwide.
    - BEC continues to grow with a 100% increase in identified global exposed losses between May 2018 and July 2019.
    - Substantial financial losses due to BEC have been publicly reported in August and September 2019.

  • Airbus supply chain hacked in a cyberespionage campaign

    Wednesday, October 2, 2019 1:43:00 PM CEST

    - According to Agence France Presse (AFP), Airbus has fallen victim to a sophisticated cyber-espionage campaign.
    - Attackers reportedly breached IT systems of several Airbus’s suppliers and, from there, penetrated Airbus’s IT systems.
    - Attackers have been looking after certification documentation, sensitive information related to A350 and A400M’s engines as well avionics details.
    - Several AFP’s sources suspect Chinese hacking groups, still no formal attribution has been made.

  • SIMjacking – an attack on mobile phones

    Wednesday, October 2, 2019 1:41:00 PM CEST

    - A newly published mobile phone SIM exploit, called Simjacker, allows attackers to stealthily spy on mobile users.
    - The exploit allows attackers to find the device’s location or fully ‘take over’ the mobile phone.
    - The vulnerability exploits a piece of legacy software which is not present in a large number of modern SIM cards.
    - The vulnerability is actively being exploited either by a private company or its customers to locate mobile phones and thus their users.

  • Large scale and powerful cyber surveillance by China

    Wednesday, October 2, 2019 1:40:00 PM CEST

    - According to researchers, Chinese authorities are purportedly monitoring Uyghurs, both locally and internationally, through cyber means.
    - The threat actors reportedly leveraged several techniques including multiple exploit chains against Android and iOS, several strategic web compromises, as well as bypassing the two-factor authentication of Google services.
    - The wide range of leveraged methods demonstrates the threat actors’ significant capabilities, funds and technical expertise.

  • Big Game Hunting in the public sector

    Wednesday, October 2, 2019 1:38:00 PM CEST

    - Big Game Hunting extortion campaigns by cybercriminals have become a significant threat to the public sector.
    - In the US, several ransomware attacks impacting local governments, cities, and public services were recently observed.
    - Cybercriminals are striking victims with greater precision and timing.
    - Their attacks are very well coordinated and they are demanding higher ransoms.
    - US Officials are worried of attacks against the 2020 Election.

  • Android exploits commanding higher price than ever before

    Wednesday, October 2, 2019 1:36:00 PM CEST

    - The price of android exploits exceeds the price of iOS exploits for the first time.
    - This is possibly because Android security is improving over iOS.
    - The release of Android 10 is also a likely cause for the price hike.

  • Corporate IoT – an intrusion path for APT groups

    Wednesday, October 2, 2019 1:31:00 PM CEST

    - APT28 reportedly attempted to compromise IoT devices to gain initial access to corporate networks.
    - Such attacks are likely to expand as more IoT devices are deployed in corporate environments.

  • Fighting disinformation on social networks in Hong Kong

    Wednesday, August 28, 2019 11:47:00 AM CEST

    - Twitter, Facebook and Google suspended thousands of accounts for “coordinated inauthentic behaviour” in Hong Kong.
    - The platforms’ operators claimed that accounts were associated with state-backed entities.

  • Russia’s security services against one another

    Wednesday, August 14, 2019 4:17:00 PM CEST

    - Since 2014, Russia’s security services are competition with each other.
    - They act independently and take unnecessary risks in order to gain political influence over their counterparts.
    - This has also resulted in an increase of treason allegations aimed at high-ranking Russian officials.

  • Massive breach at Capital One, purportedly due to a cloud misconfiguration

    Friday, August 2, 2019 9:55:00 AM CEST

    - A breach at Capital One, a major US bank, compromised data belonging to more than 106 million customers in both the US and Canada.
    - The breach was reportedly detected thanks to a vulnerability notification made by an ethical security researcher.
    - The alleged hacker, who was arrested, was reportedly an employee of the Amazon Web Services cloud service
    company, of which Capital One was a customer.
    - The breach purportedly exploited a misconfigured web application used to access the cloud infrastructure.

  • Russian FSB’s projects leaks by hacktivists

    Tuesday, July 30, 2019 10:06:00 AM CEST

    - Russian FSB’s contractor SyTech was reportedly hacked and 7.5TB of data were leaked.
    - This leak contains information about at least 20 FSB’s digital monitoring projects.
    - A Russian-speaking hacktivist group dubbed the DigitalRevolution group is involved in the leak.

  • China’s Ministry of State Security likely role in cyber attacks

    Monday, July 29, 2019 4:16:00 PM CEST

    Intrusion Truth, an anonymous entity, says that China’s MSS regional offices are likely involved in APT activities.

  • Cloud hosting firm iNSYNQ hit by ransomware attack

    Monday, July 29, 2019 9:51:00 AM CEST

    - Cloud hosting provider iNSYNQ experienced a ransomware attack that has left customers unable to access their data.
    - One week after the infection, restoration was not yet completed and iNSYNQ encouraged its customers to rely on local backups.

  • Extended use of the likely Chinese Winnti malware

    Thursday, July 25, 2019 2:09:00 PM CEST

    - According to media, the Winnti malware has been used for cyber espionage purposes against German industries.
    - Initially, the malware was likely developed by cyber-criminals, then repurposed and shared with other actors.

  • Chinese surveillance app

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:45:00 AM CEST

    - The Chinese border police extracts data from phones belonging to people visiting the Xinjiang region, as they cross the border.
    - An Android app is used to find specific content on the devices. iPhones are also impacted.
    - These techniques are consistent with China’s overall domestic cyber-surveillance strategy.

  • Western technology firms targeted by Chinese threat actors

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:45:00 AM CEST

    - Chinese hackers breached the networks of several technology firms, globally, from 2010 to 2017.
    - The attacks were reportedly conducted by first penetrating the cloud computing service of Hewlett Packard Enterprise.
    - Technology companies racing against Chinese firms appear to have been priority targets.

  • Russian digital services provider targeted by Western intelligence agencies

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:44:00 AM CEST

    - Hackers breached the systems of Russian digital services provider Yandex.
    - The breach occurred between October and November 2018.
    - A private assessment by Kaspersky concluded hackers likely tied to Western intelligence breached Yandex using Regin.
    - Previous Regin attacks (Belgacom case publicly uncovered in 2014) were attributed to US and British intelligence agencies.

  • Global espionage campaign targeting the telecommunications sector

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:44:00 AM CEST

    - A global cyber-espionage campaign has targeted telecommunications providers from Africa, the Middle East, and Europe.
    - Attackers were looking after call detail records, along with other personal data, credentials and geo-location of specific individuals.
    - The interest and resources shown by the attackers denote a highly likely state-sponsored espionage origin.

  • US & Russia mutually targeting their power grids

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:42:00 AM CEST

    - A New York Times report alleges that the US has infiltrated the Russian electrical grid with offensive malware.
    - The infiltration is not known to have been linked with any disruption.
    - If the report is true, this activity poses risks of escalation and retaliation.
    - A separate report by a security company indicates that a Russian threat group is probing US and Asian electrical grids.

  • Ransomware paralyses European aircraft supplier

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:41:00 AM CEST

    - Belgium-based airplane parts and aviation structuring business ASCO Industries has been hit by a cyber-attack.
    - ASCO confirmed that the breach was allegedly related to a piece of ransomware.
    - The company provides components to Airbus, Boeing, Bombardier Aerospace, and Lockheed Martin.
    - About 1,000 people (70 percent of employees in Belgium) were sent home on unpaid leave, in Zaventem.
    - According to media, production was shut down in Belgium and other countries (Canada, Germany, USA, Brazil, and France).

  • Hardware Security Modules not immune to hacking

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:41:00 AM CEST

    - Security researchers released a paper revealing how they managed to hack a Hardware Security Module (HSM).
    - HSM-s are used to generate, manipulate and store sensitive cryptographic secrets (SIM cards, credit cards, secure boot hardware, disk and database encryption, PKI...).
    - HSM-s are also used by cloud service providers, such as Google or Amazon, allowing clients to centrally create, manage and use their cryptographic secrets.

  • High volume of European network traffic re-routed through China Telecom

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:40:00 AM CEST

    - A routing incident led to 70 000 routes used for European traffic being redirected through China Telecom for over 2 hours.
    - Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) errors are a relatively common issue but usually last just a few minutes.
    - China Telecom has still not implemented some basic routing safeguards to detect and remediate them in a timely manner.

  • Android smartphones supply chain compromise

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:39:00 AM CEST

    - Two Android smartphone models have been sold with pre-installed malware affecting at least 20000 users in Germany alone.
    - For app developers the introduction of undesirable functions might be the result of poor coding practices, or a deliberate criminal act to maximise the return on their investment.
    - Since 2016, several Android-related supply chain compromises have been reported, affecting up to 141 Android smartphone models.

  • Ransomware extortion affecting local administrations

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:36:00 AM CEST

    - In the US, the city of Baltimore’s IT infrastructure suffered a ransomware attack that created disruption in public services.
    - The attack was most likely executed with the use of a ransomware dubbed Robbinhood.
    - Similar ransomware attacks against local administrations or public services have taken place across the US and globally.

  • Abuse of access to user information by employees of social media / digital service companies

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:36:00 AM CEST

    - Snapchat personnel abused their level of access to user data some years ago.
    - Corporate Gmail accounts had their passwords stored in plain text.
    - These are the most recent cases of social media platforms exposing user data to insider’s abuse.

  • Malware authors increasingly use legitimate certificates to bypass defences

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:35:00 AM CEST

    - Malware authors increasingly use legitimate certificates to sign their code.
    - Certificate authorities sometimes fail to verify the identities of people applying for code-signing certificates.
    - Signing malware with legitimate certificates increases the chance of remaining undetected.

  • Wireless attacks on aircraft instrument landing systems

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:35:00 AM CEST

    - Modern aircraft rely heavily on several wireless technologies for communications, control, and navigation.
    - Attackers could potentially change the course of a flight using commercially available equipment.
    - The systems used to guide planes could be hijacked by compromising and spoofing the radio signals that are used during landing.

  • Gothic Panda possibly used DoublePulsar a year before the Shadow Brokers leak

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:34:00 AM CEST

    - Gothic Panda may have used an Equation Group tool at least one year before the Shadow Brokers leak.
    - It is unknown how the threat group obtained the tool.
    - This is a good example of a threat actor re-using cyber weapons that were originally fielded by another group.

  • Chinese mass surveillance systems: insights and export

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:34:00 AM CEST

    - A database containing personal data of Chinese citizens was left unprotected on the Internet.
    - These personal data were purportedly collected using smart cities and mass surveillance technologies.
    - Human Rights Watch released a report detailing how the Chinese government is using such technologies as a means to invade their citizens’ privacy.
    - Chinese companies and start-ups are exporting these technologies to foreign countries.

  • Hacking groups compete for cryptojacking cloud-based infrastructure

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:33:00 AM CEST

    - Two hacking groups associated with large-scale cryptomining campaigns wage war on one another.
    - Pacha Group and Rocke Group compete to compromise as much cloud-based infrastructure as possible.
    - One group is using techniques to kill any other cryptocurrency malware running on infected machines.
    - Cloud infrastructure is quickly becoming a common target for threat actors, particularly on vulnerable Linux servers.

  • Cyber-attacks lead to conventional military strikes

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:32:00 AM CEST

    - Israel Defence Forces destroyed the headquarters of the main cyber unit of the Palestinian organisation Hamas by airstrikes.
    - The assault is likely to be the first true example of a physical attack being used as a real-time response to digital aggression.
    - Affected entities will likely rebuild their lost capabilities and continue to conduct cyber operations against Israeli targets.

  • Docker breach exposes a significant number of accounts

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:31:00 AM CEST

    - Docker Hub, an open repository of software containers, announced a breach affecting about 190 000 of its users.
    - As the breach affects associated development platforms, it may impact several stages of software development workflows.
    - Threat actors adopt supply chain attacks as a method to bypass some of the traditional IT security measures.

  • Cyber enabled espionage in the aviation sector

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:30:00 AM CEST

    - A General Electric’s employee reportedly stole aerospace turbine technology secrets for the benefit of China.
    - The spy used several methods such as encryption, exfiltration via USB storage devices, steganography and sending stolen files to his personal email address.
    - China has been suspected to conduct cyber-espionage operations in the aviation sector for several years.
    - According to researchers, since 2004, a total of 20 active Chinese threat actor groups have been detected targeting aviation as a whole.

  • Facebook urged to control the spread of US law enforcement fake accounts

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:30:00 AM CEST

    - US Immigration and Customs Enforcement used fake accounts on Facebook to identify people committing immigration fraud.
    - The agency created social media profiles for a non-existent university and its staff.
    - All this activity violates Facebook’s policies but the involved US agencies have shown no concern.
    - Facebook is urged to curb the proliferation of undercover law enforcement accounts on the social media platform.

  • Cyberattacks enabled disinformation in Lithuania

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:29:00 AM CEST

    - The Lithuanian Ministry of Defence was targeted by a disinformation campaign.
    - The dissemination of disinformation was likely enabled and facilitated by cyberattacks.

  • New TRITON attack

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:29:00 AM CEST

    - TRITON is a sophisticated malware framework with the capacity to manipulate industrial safety systems, cause physical damage and shut down operations.
    - TRITON authors are believed to have ties with a Moscow-based scientific research institute.
    - Victims have been identified in the Middle East and in North America.
    - A comprehensive analysis of techniques and tools linked to TRITON have been recently published to help detecting and hunting related attacks.

  • A Cryptojacking campaign had disruptive impact

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:28:00 AM CEST

    - The systems of a Japanese company were shutdown following a first-stage attack suspected to precede a cryptojacking campaign.
    - This incident highlights the disruptive nature of cryptojacking attacks and their ability to affect victims' operations.
    - In 2018, several cases of disruption caused by cryptojacking attacks were reported.

  • Airports & Operational Technology: 4 Attack Scenarios

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:27:00 AM CEST

    - Security in global aviation is increasingly dependent on vulnerabilities in information technology (IT) and operational technology (OT) systems.
    - Airports are using several critical OT systems (e.g. baggage control, runway lights, air conditioning, and power).
    - More than a hundred unique exploits have been spotted since the publication of proofs of concept and payload creation tools, after the disclosure.
    - Four important risk vectors have been more specifically identified: Baggage Handling, Aircraft Tugs, De-icing Systems, Fuel Pumps.

  • WinRAR zero-day exploited in many attacks

    Wednesday, July 24, 2019 11:26:00 AM CEST

    - On February 20, a 20 years old zero-day vulnerability in the archiving software WinRAR, was publicly revealed.
    - On February 26, a patched version of WinRAR was released, the update must be done manually.
    - More than a hundred unique exploits have been spotted since the publication of proofs of concept and payload creation tools, after the disclosure.

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